What is F1 score in Machine Learning ?

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The F1 score is a valuable metric in machine learning that combines precision and recall to assess the performance of a classification model, especially in imbalanced datasets.

The F1 score is a commonly used metric in machine learning that measures the accuracy and precision of a classification model. It combines the concepts of precision and recall into a single value, providing a balanced evaluation of the model's performance.

Precision refers to the proportion of correctly predicted positive instances (true positives) out of the total instances predicted as positive. It indicates how well the model correctly identifies positive cases. On the other hand, recall, also known as sensitivity or true positive rate, measures the proportion of true positive instances that are correctly identified by the model.

The F1 score is the harmonic mean of precision and recall. It ranges between 0 and 1, with 1 being the best possible value. The harmonic mean is used instead of a simple average to give more weight to lower values. This means that the F1 score penalizes models that have a significant difference between precision and recall. By obtaining a Machine Learning Course, you can advance your career in Machine Learning. With this course, you can demonstrate your expertise in designing and implementing a model building, creating AI and machine learning solutions, performing feature engineering, many more fundamental concepts, and many more critical concepts among others.

The F1 score is particularly useful in situations where the dataset is imbalanced, meaning that one class has a much larger number of instances compared to the other. In such cases, accuracy alone can be misleading as the model might achieve high accuracy by simply predicting the majority class for all instances. The F1 score takes into account both precision and recall, providing a more comprehensive evaluation of the model's performance.

To calculate the F1 score, you need the number of true positives, false positives, and false negatives. The formula is as follows:

F1 Score = 2 * (Precision * Recall) / (Precision + Recall)

In summary, the F1 score is a valuable metric in machine learning that combines precision and recall to assess the performance of a classification model, especially in imbalanced datasets. It provides a balanced evaluation by considering both the ability to correctly identify positive instances and the ability to avoid false positives.

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