Narcolepsy makes it difficult to remain awake throughout the day. The signs and causes of this illness are well known, despite its rarity. Narcolepsy may be managed, but it can still affect a person's employment, life, and relationships.
Narcolepsy makes it difficult to remain awake throughout the day. The signs and causes of this illness are well-known, despite its rarity. Narcolepsy may be managed, but it can still affect a person's employment, life, and relationships.
When does narcolepsy make itself known?
Narcolepsy patients may not have all four symptoms. These four signs are:
Daytime sleepiness is a problem:-
All people with narcolepsy experience this symptom. Narcoleptics and sleep disorder specialists often refer to episodes as "sleep attacks." And the best Artvigil 150 mg medicine used to treat narcolepsy problems.
Cataplexy is a sudden loss of muscular tone:-
Possible adverse effects include slight weakness or numbness on one side of the body. (More about this symptom is provided below.)
How does sleepiness affect my body?
Narcolepsy may be diagnosed more easily if the sleep cycle is understood. The following steps make up that cycle:
Stage 1: Light sleep. This short stage starts right after you fall asleep and takes up about 5% of the total time you spend sleeping.
Stage 2: Deeper sleep. This is a more profound stage of sleep that typically accounts for between 45% and 50% of your total time spent sleeping. You might expect this figure to rise as you age.
Stage 3: Slow wave sleep. This stage takes up about 25% of the time that you spend falling asleep, and that number goes lower as you get older. When someone is in stage 3 sleep, it's hard to wake them up, and waking them up right away often causes "sleep inertia," a state of "mental fog," and slower thinking. This is also the time when people usually sleepwalk or talk in their sleep.
What causes narcolepsy?
Narcolepsy has several causes. However, they are all connected to the hypothalamus, the brain area responsible for controlling sleep and wakefulness.
In 1998, scientists learned that some neurons (brain cells) produce and utilize a class of chemical molecules called orexins for intercellular communication. The hypothalamus houses the neurons that process orexins; these cells are crucial to maintaining wakefulness.
Additional analysis points to an autoimmune issue as the probable cause of the death of those neurons. That suggests your immune system is attacking the neurons responsible for producing and using orexins, or the orexins themselves.
How do you handle narcolepsy? Is there a cure?
Narcolepsy can be helped, but it cannot be permanently fixed. It's typical to start with medicine, but lifestyle changes may assist too. Therapy decreases narcolepsy symptoms in most people.
How is narcolepsy treated? What medicines or treatments are used?
Narcolepsy medication works best. Most medicines are for people who sleep too much during the day, but some also help with other symptoms. Among the possible treatments for this disease are:
Medicines that make you wake up:-
Usually, these are the first steps toward getting better. Modafinil and Modalert 200 mg are two examples of these medicines. These medicines make your nervous system work harder, which can help lessen or stop daytime sleepiness.
I need help taking care of myself or controlling my symptoms:-
Don't self-diagnose or treat narcolepsy. Due to the high co-occurrence of this condition's symptoms with other, more serious diseases including sleep apnea and epilepsy. It is important to consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment since this illness may make even seemingly harmless activities like driving or swimming unsafe.